Territorial Innovation Models – A critical survey of the international literature

This  paper  provides  a  critical  review  of  the  international  literature  on  Territorial  Innovation Models  (Industrial Districts, Milieux  Innovateurs, New Industrial Spaces, Local Production Systems, etc.). The review  is organized  in two steps. First, the main features of each of these models and their view of  innovation are compared. Second, their theoretical  building  blocks  are  reconstructed  and  evaluated  from  the  point  of  view  of  conceptual  clarity  and analytical coherence.

It  is  found  that despite  some  semantic unity  among  the  concepts used  (economies of  agglomeration,  endogenous development,  systems  of  innovation,  evolution  and  learning,  network  organization  and  governance),  Territorial Innovation Models (TIMs) suffer from conceptual ambiguity. The latter is partly a consequence of the differences in the specific national and regional contexts where TIMs are observed and/or theorized institutional, as well as social and economic. But it is also, to a very large extent, influenced by a growing political bias, namely the tendency to view  territorial  innovation  in  terms  of  a  technology  driven  innovation  and  of  a  business  culture  that  is mainly instrumental  to  the capitalist market  logic. This pressing  ideological priority pushes  the  ‘conceptual  flexibility’ of TIMs across the border of coherent theory building.

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About Giorgio Bertini

Director at Learning Change Project - Research on society, culture, art, neuroscience, cognition, critical thinking, intelligence, creativity, autopoiesis, self-organization, rhizomes, complexity, systems, networks, leadership, sustainability, thinkers, futures ++
This entry was posted in Innovation, Social innovation, Territories and tagged , , . Bookmark the permalink.

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