The institutional and European democratic crises are pushing leaders towards tricky choices in terms of governability. Would it not perhaps be better to move toward new forms of participation that better match citizens’ needs? The Belgian experience – G1000 – is instructive because of its negative effects but also the passion of those who transformed it. But the Belgian experience has also produced major novelties. Aware that democracy was at play, citizens made their move. They began to experiment with the structures of the ancient Greek agora, and the Popular Action that goes back to “actiones populares” of Roman law: Citizens can push for their interests, not their personal ones but those of the community. And as they are the holders of sovereignty in democracy, they will be the ones to invent measures focussed on the common good. There is no other way to defeat real anti-politics: the predominance of the markets and austerity that impoverishes without reducing debts and divides Europe.
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